Introduction to .NET Framework

Introduction to .NET Framework
The .NET Framework is a platform developed by Microsoft for application developers.
Definition
It is a Microsoft programming structure for creating Desktop and web applications. The .NET Framework supports cross-language interoperability, which means a language can use the code written in another language. The two main components of the framework are Class Library and Common Language Runtime (CLR). It also includes an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) where the actual code is written.
Class Library: as the name indicates, it is a library of pre-defined classes used by developers with their own code to create new applications.
Common language runtime (CLR): It is the software environment where the .NET framework programs are executed.
We can say that Class Library and the CLR together constitute the .NET framework.
Advantages of .NET Framework vs. Advantages of Java
Both the technologies have their own advantages. It is the programmer who has to decide the technology based on its features or advantages.
.NET Framework
  1. .NET Framework is used for windows platform-specific applications.
  2. .NET Framework is language-independent and helps programmers with different skills to work on the same application.
  3. .NET Framework ensures rapid application development which is one of the main priorities for most of the clients.
Java
  1. Java is independent of the platform.
  2. Java is available as open source.
  3. Java uses 3rd party tools to develop the applications.
Installing .NET Framework on other Operating systems
This is not possible because the .NET Framework is developed by Microsoft specifically for WINDOWS. However if you want to use the framework on other operating systems like Linux or Unix, there is an open source implementation of .NET Framework called MONO that provides the same functions as the Microsoft .NET framework.
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